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For over 75 years, Haskel has been the leading name in pneumatic driven liquid pumps. Our pneumatic pumps are positive displacement pumps that are designed to provide a safe, reliable, and economical source of hydraulic pressure.
By converting compressed air into hydraulic power, Haskel pneumatic pumps can be used to perform a hydrostatic pressure test on a component for a long period of time and hold it at a set pressure.
Backed by a global network of high-pressure expertise, service and support, our products are consistently recognized as the most reliable in the industry.
The pneumatic pumps automatically reciprocate on a differential piston principle. In a hydraulic system, smaller pistons are directly driven by larger pistons whereas the larger pistons are driven by relatively low pressure compressed air.
The model coding of Haskel’s air-driven liquid pumps indicates the nominal ratio between the air piston and the hydraulic piston. The maximum hydraulic output pressure is calculated by multiplying the ratio of the pump by the shop air pressure being used to drive the pump.
When the pump is first turned on, it acts as a transfer pump, filling the volume with liquid. During this time, the pump cycles at its maximum speed. Once the liquid has been transferred, pressure inside of the pump will increase until it reaches a certain point and then begins to slow down naturally. The stalled condition can last indefinitely unless something disrupts equilibrium (for example: turning off the power).
The pump will automatically start to cycle once the pressure is released or if the drive air pressure is increased. This feature makes this type of pump an excellent choice for pressure testing.
1. Drive Section
Pistons with O-ring seals operate in, fiberglass wrapped cylinders. The cylinder diameter is constant for a particular pump series. The driving medium pushes the piston down on the compression stroke and lifts it on the suction stroke (the M series has a spring return). No drive air lubricant is required as the piston is pre-lubricated during assembly.
2. Hydraulic Section/Check Valves
In the hydraulic section, the drive piston connects to the hydraulic plunger/piston. Hydraulic pistons have different sizes depending on their nominal ratio. The higher ratio pumps can achieve higher pressures, but have smaller displacements, which translates to less flow per stroke.
During the down stroke, the inlet check valve keeps the liquid in the pump from flowing back into the suction line while it is compressed by the plunger. On the return or suction stroke, fresh liquid is drawn in through the inlet check valve, while the outlet check valve closes.
These check valves control the flow of liquid through the hydraulic section. They are spring-loaded and have a very low cracking pressure, which allows maximum flow during suction. Inlet check valves are closed by the hydraulic fluid pressure on downstrokes. At the same time, the outlet check valves open when the hydraulic pressure in the pump exceeds the pressure in the system after the pump.
3. Drive Cycling Valve
This is a pilot operated, unbalanced lightweight spool that cycles the driving pressure first to the top of the driving piston and then to the bottom to cycle the piston. It is actuated through control valves at the beginning and end of stroke, causing the spool to move out of balance and the piston to move up and down.
4. Hydraulic Seal/Check Valves
A hydraulic seal is one of the few parts that wear out. Basically, it prevents fluid from flowing into the actuator while the hydraulic piston is moving back and forth. Seal specifications are determined by the fluid, its pressure and temperature. Most Haskel pumps can be operated without contamination by use of a vent or distance piece between the pump section and the air drive.
Haskel pneumatic driven liquid pumps are not only extremely reliable, robust, compact, and easy to maintain, but also offer the following advantages:
Pneumatic driven liquid pumps efficiently convert compressed air into hydraulic power to meet the needs of any application that pressurizes components and holds them at a set pressure for an extended period of time. Hydrostatic testing is one of the most common applications for the Haskel Pneumatic Liquid Pump. Used in hydrostatic testing, the Haskel Pneumatic Liquid Pump acts as a hydrostatic test pump to pressure test the components of your particular system.
Here is the list of additional industrial applications:
To choose the right pump, you need to match the pump's ratio to your specific output pressure requirements. The table at the bottom of the page allows you to review and compare the key technical data across Haskel's wide range of pneumatic pump models. Additionally, the list of our pumps is categorized into different series outlined below: